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Spiritual Warfare – Book Picks


Because we are quickly rolling up on Halloween and the time of year when our culture is focused on the world of the spirits, I thought it would be fitting to turn our hearts to something holy and good – spiritual warfare. Before I reveal the book recommendations I wanted to also let you know that the Avila Institute School of Spiritual Formation will offer an upcoming course on this topic called... Read More

Can One Be Condemned For Little Sins?

May 30, 2014 by  
Filed under Fr. Fortea, Spiritual Warfare, Venial Sin


Father Fortea, can one be condemned for “little” sins? No. Eternal condemnation is so horrendous, so terrible, that it is reserved for grave sins. Only one who dies in a state of mortal sin is condemned to hell. This being said, every sin, no matter how small, is a step toward greater sin; every sin, no matter how slight, is a step in the direction of condemnation. No one can say: “I will only... Read More

What is the Greatest Evil?

March 27, 2014 by  
Filed under Fr. Fortea, Sin, Spiritual Warfare


Father Fortea, what is the greatest evil? According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the greatest evil is sin (CCC 1488). Since God is love and sin leads to the rejection of His love, sin inevitably leads to hatred – of God, of humanity, of those around us, and of ourselves. Those who allow themselves to walk the path of hatred can reach the point where they hate all four objects with... Read More

What are the Types of Evil?

March 13, 2014 by  
Filed under Fr. Fortea, Spiritual Warfare


Father Fortea, what are the types of evil? While the variety of particular evils is infinite, theologians typically distinguish between physical and moral evils. Remember our earlier definition of evil: the lack (or privation) of a good that should exist in a thing. Here’s a good example of a physical evil: the painting the Mona Lisa is good, but a knife mark left by a vandal would be an evil because... Read More

Can Demons Cause Mental Illness?

July 25, 2013 by  
Filed under Demonology, Fr. Fortea

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Dear Fr. Fortea, can a demon cause a mental illness in a person? Demons can tempt us, and they sometimes do so in a continuous way with great intensity. As such, a demon could provoke an obsession, phobia, depression, or another type of mental illness in a person. This can seriously disturb a person’s ordinary life to the point of making him unbalanced. So, yes, a demon can cause mental illness –... Read More

Who are the most evil of all the demons?

March 7, 2013 by  
Filed under Demonology, Fr. Fortea, Spiritual Warfare

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Dear Fr. Fortea, who are the most evil of all the demons? One might logically assume that the most perverse demons would be those of the highest angelic choirs, but this is not the case. There is no relation between nature and sin. A demon of the lowest choir can be much more perverse than a superior demon. The evil that a free being can commit does not depend on the intelligence or the power that... Read More

Do demons experience pleasure?

February 28, 2013 by  
Filed under Demonology, Fr. Fortea, Spiritual Warfare

Gargoyle_13 Wikimedia feature

Dear Fr. Fortea, do demons experience pleasure? If so, how? Yes, but only in a spiritual sense. As a pure spirit, a demon can derive pleasure only with his intelligence and will. Intellectual pleasures might seem less intense or real than the pleasures of the senses, but this is not the case. Pleasures of the intellect can be as sublime and varied as those of the five senses. Think about the enjoyment... Read More

Can demons do good?

February 8, 2013 by  
Filed under Demonology, Fr. Fortea, Spiritual Warfare

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Dear Fr. Fortea, can a demon perform a good act? We need to remember that demons are not engaged in doing evil 100 percent of the time. Sometimes, they just think. Doing this is not evil at all; it is merely an act of their nature. Nevertheless, demons cannot perform a supernaturally moral act (for example, an act of charity, supernatural repentance, or sincere glorification of God) because such an... Read More

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