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The Crucifixion of Our Lord

March 29, 2013 by  
Filed under Ariel McKinney, Liturgy, Seasonal


Timeline of Jesus' Final Hours

Preceding Events

The Last Supper ۬(Matthew 26:20-30; Mark 14:17-26; Luke 22:14-38; John 13:21-30)

In the Garden of Gethsemane ۬(Matthew 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:39-45)

Jesus is Betrayed and Arrested ۬(Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:1-11)

The Religious Leaders Condemn Jesus €¨(Matthew 27:1-2; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-71) 

6:00 AM

Jesus Stands Trial Before Pilate ۬(Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:1-5; John 18:28-40)

Jesus Sent to Herod ۬(Luke 23:6-12)

7:00 AM

Jesus Returned to Pilate ۬(Luke 23:11)

Jesus is Sentenced to Death ۬(Matthew 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:23-24; John 19:16)

8:00 AM

Jesus is Led Away to Calvary ۬(Matthew 27:30-33; Mark 15:22-22; Luke 23:26-31; John 19:16-17)

The Crucifixion

9:00 AM – “The Third Hour”

Jesus is Crucified on the Cross  (Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24-26; Luke 23:33; John 19:18)

The Soldiers Cast Lots for Jesus' Clothing ۬(Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:23-24)

10:00 AM

Jesus is Insulted and Mocked (Matthew 27:39-44; Mark 15:29-32; Luke 23:35-37, 39)

11:00 AM

Jesus and the Criminal (Luke 23:40-43)

 Jesus Speaks to Mary and John (John 19:26-27)

Noon – “The Sixth Hour”

Darkness Covers the Land (Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44) 

2:00 PM

Jesus is Thirsty (John 19:28-29)

3:00 PM – “The Ninth Hour”

Jesus Cries Out to the Father (Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34)

It is Finished (Luke 23:46; John 19:30)

Events Following Jesus' Death

The Earthquake (Matthew 27:51-52)

The Centurion – “Surely he was the Son of God!” €¨(Matthew 27:54; Mark 15:38; Luke 23:47)

The Soldiers Break the Thieves' Legs ۬(John 19:31-32)

The Soldier Pierces Jesus Side ۬(John 19:34)

Jesus is Laid in the Tomb ۬(Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42)

Jesus Rises from the Dead ۬(Matthew 28:1-7; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-9)

Art: Golgotha, 1884, Mihály Munkácsy, PD-US, Wikimedia Commons.

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About Ariel McKinney

Ariel is a graduate student pursuing a master's degree in vocal performance and opera. She is a fervent Catholic who enjoys all that is artistic and beautiful; she also has her own photography business, Song of Songs Photography.

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  • $19933969

    Thank you Ariel.

  • Suzi dutro

    Thank you Ariel. Last night I told Jesus that I wanted to walk with him today instead of him walking with me. I wake up this morning and here you have posted a timeline. I cannot think of a better way for me today than hour by hour meditating and comforting Our Lord. Thank you.

  • LizEst

    This is a beautiful timeline, Ariel.

    “…darkness covered the whole land until THREE in the afternoon because of an eclipse of the sun. THEN the veil of the temple was torn down the middle. Jesus cried out in a loud voice, ‘Father into your hands I commend my spirit’; and when he had said this he breathed his last” (Luke 23:44-46).

    • LizEst, sorry I come to this one late…..but is it correct that darkness covered the earth because of an eclipse of the sun?……if so, my father’s Catechism, and the teachings of the Consolata Missionary Fathers and Sisters and the Loreto Missionary Sisters all of whom brought me up were wrong…..they taught us this happened because the Elements of Nature rebelled at the Passion and imminent death of the Creator.

      • LizEst

        Well Mary, it may be that the elements of nature rebelled…but we do, primarily, have the witness of Scripture, the Word of the Lord, which says, as I quoted above from the Gospel of Luke, that “darkness covered the whole land until three in the afternoon because of an eclipse of the sun.” How can one argue with that? We also read, “At noon darkness came over the whole land until three o’clock” (Mark 15:33). And, “From noon onward, darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon” (Mathew 27:45). Interestingly, John says nothing about the darkness…perhaps because the darkness was about to be made as light with the death and resurrection of Christ and our salvation.

        What I believe happened with the teaching you received is that this was something that came to the Missionaries as the fruit of meditation on the Passion. So, their prayerful meditation is not necessarily wrong. It may, in fact, be based on some private revelation. It is just not written in the Bible in that way. That’s what accounts for the difference.

        • LizEst, I responded without looking at the Gospels first. Now I am reading the Exegeses on Luke 23:44 and this is what it says:

          “Eclipse of the sun( in italics): Astronomy records no solar eclipse at this time. Luke, like the other Gospels, sees nature revolted by the death of God-man and the inauguration of the Day of the Lord, as prophesied in Amos 8:9: ‘On that day, says the Lord God, I will make the sun set at midday and cover the earth with darkness in broad daylight’ ”

          The prophesy of Amos does show the Missionaries were faithful to the Scriptures and what they taught us was firmly based on authentic Catholic Doctrine and not from their meditation or private revelation.

          Looks like I still remember the Catechism Classes of my pre-teen years, oh eons ago!!!!!!!

          • LizEst

            Very good! I did not know that astronomy records no solar eclipse at this time. Very interesting. This gives more weight to the exegesis.

            Exegesis is a critical INTERPRETATION of the text. I looked at my “New Jerome Biblical Commentary.” It also talks about the darkness reference in Amos 8:9.

            Scripture does NOT say “this happened because the Elements of Nature rebelled at the Passion and imminent death of the Creator” as you were taught by the missionaries. But, what you were taught DOES conform to a critical INTERPRETATION of the text of Scripture…which, I believe, is in line with Scripture. So, you are correct in that sense and correct in your recollection of your catechism classes. We are essentially saying the same thing, here.

            What is important is that we don’t add words to or subtract words from Scripture that aren’t there and do so authoritatively, that when we speak in this manner we identify the source. That’s why it is very important that we know the Word of God. And, I don’t think you have anything to worry about in that regard, Mary. You seem to know it pretty well, having had many years to listen to it, study it and pray about it.

            I am interested in what exegesis you got this information from, if you would be so kind as to post that for me, please. If I have it here, I would like to read it and mark it, so I can find it again when I make reference to it.

            It IS fascinating that the exegesis says there was no eclipse. Astrologically, having just done a little research on-line, I’ve learned that it may have been one really giant asteroid that just missed the earth that caused the darkness for three hours. If pieces of the asteroid were falling off and hitting the earth, that could also account for the earthquake(s). God works through many different things, in order to get our attention…and He has exquisite timing besides. The darkness is a fact. It is attested to not only in the Bible, but by many different historical sources, as well.

            God bless you Mary…and a very Blessed, Holy and Happy Easter to you and all your loved ones.

          • You know, LizEst, the interesting fact is that as one grows older recent events begin to fade away while the experiences, events one underwent and the essential teachings one received in their childhood, youth and young adult stages, become very vivid as if they happened “yesterday”. As I have stated before, I live by “Blind Faith, not by Sight”

            Oh, the Exegesis I quoted is from The Catholic African Bible which is, in fact, the New American Bible1970 Edition published by Paulines Publications, Africa as the Catholic Answer Bible.

            I do believe, Liz Est, it is an Act of Faith to firmly believe that God can and does act outside what we can explain with our natural knowledge, discoveries and our advanced techonology!!!!!!

          • LizEst

            Thank you, Mary. The Catholic African Bible is one I do not have! We do have the Paulines here, though. In fact, I picked up a few books from them Saturday (amazingly they were open) for a new Catholic who was baptized, confirmed and received holy communion at the Vigil.

            Yes, I know what you mean about the recent events fading away. Ha! God bless you, Mary. It’s always fun to have an intercontinental discussion with you! I do learn from what you have to impart.

  • BeckitaMaria

    Ariel, thank you for posting such a beautiful image with the holy timeline.

  • LizEst

    …for those who wish to pray the Divine Mercy novena, just a gentle reminder that today is the day to start it.

  • Arial, this was so thoughtful of you. Thank you for posting it. It’s simply stated and meaningful.

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