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Ignatian Conscience Exam on Faith, Hope & Love

August 20, 2010 by  
Filed under Conscience Exam, Dan Burke, Penance/Confession, Sacraments, Sin

If there is one part of the spiritual life that St. Ignatius stressed, it was the daily–and even twice daily–examination of conscience.

As we read the Spiritual Exercises, we may be overwhelmed by the minute detail of St. Ignatius' treatment of what he calls the particular examination of conscience. At the same time, he is careful to provide, “Some Notes on Scruples.”

It is very important, therefore, that we form a clear and correct conscience. This means that we cultivate a sensitive judgment which is alert to the least offense against the Divine will and, at the same time, protect ourselves against the wiles of the evil spirit.

“The enemy,” says St. Ignatius,” considers carefully whether one has a lax or a delicate conscience. If one has a delicate conscience, the evil one seeks to make it excessively sensitive in order to disturb and upset it more easily. Thus, if he sees that one will not consent to mortal sin or venial sin, or even to the appearance of deliberate sin, since he cannot cause him to fall in a matter that appears sinful, he strives to make the soul judge that there is a sin, for example in a word or passing thought, where there is no sin” (Spiritual Exercises, 349).

It is valuable to reflect on this tactic of the evil spirit before we offer some practical norms for making our daily examination of conscience. Why? Because otherwise, we are liable to overlook the importance of a daily inventory of our moral conduct for fear of becoming scrupulous.

There is such a thing as growing in prudent sensitivity of conscience, without becoming a victim of the “enemy” as St. Ignatius calls him.

We may set this down as a general principle, for those who are sincerely striving to do the will of God:

It is characteristic of God and His angels, when they act upon the soul, to give true happiness and spiritual joy and to banish all the sadness and disturbances which are caused by the enemy.

It is characteristic of the evil one to fight against such happiness and consolation by proposing fallacious reasonings, subtleties, and continual deceptions (Rules for Discernment of Spirits, II, 1).

What are we to conclude from this? That the more zealous we are in trying to please God, the more He will give us a deep interior peace of soul. We should suspect as a temptation from the evil one, when we find ourselves worried or anxious or disturbed, no matter how pious the source of the worry or anxiety may be.

The key to applying this principle is that, before God, I honestly want to do His will even though through weakness, I may fail to live up to my resolutions.

One basic virtue on which we should daily examine ourselves is peace of soul. We should ask ourselves, “Have I given in to worry or anxiety?” “Have I allowed myself to get discouraged?” A good practice is to pronounce the name, “Jesus,” when we find ourselves getting despondent, or say some short aspiration like, “My Jesus, I trust in you,” whenever we become dejected over something.

PARTICULAR EXAMEN ON THE THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES

Before applying the particular examen to my own spiritual life, it is well to first ask myself, “What are the virtues that I know from experience I most need to develop?”

The reason why this question should first be answered is that no two of us are equally prone to commit the same kind of sins. Nor are we personally always tempted in the same direction. There is wisdom in first knowing enough about myself, to be able to get to the root of my own moral weakness. Otherwise, I may be ignoring what really needs attention in my spiritual life and concentrating on what is not so necessary for me at this time in my service of God.

Moreover, it would be a mistake to suppose that by attending to my moral failings, I am being “negative” in my pursuit of holiness.

On the contrary. In God's providence, He allows us to fail in those areas in which He especially wants us to grow in virtue.

We can fail in the practice of these virtues either by commission, omission, or by tepidity, in not acting as generously as we might in responding to the grace we have received from God.

FAITH

  1. Do I make an honest effort to grow in the virtue of faith by daily mental prayer on the mysteries of the faith as revealed in the life of Jesus Christ?
  2. Do I make at least a short act of faith every day?
  3. Do I pray daily for an increase of faith?
  4. Do I ever tempt God by relying on my own strength to cope with the trials in my life?
  5. Do I unnecessarily read or listen to those who oppose or belittle what I know are truths of my Catholic faith?
  6. What have I done today to externally profess my faith?
  7. Have I allowed human respect to keep me from giving expression to my faith?
  8. Do I make a serious effort to resolve difficulties that may arise about my faith?
  9. Do I ever defend my faith, prudently and charitably, when someone says something contrary to what I know is to be believed?
  10. Have I helped someone overcome a difficulty against the faith?

HOPE

  1. Do I immediately say a short prayer when I find myself getting discouraged?
  2. Do I daily say a short act of hope?
  3. Do I dwell on my worries instead of dismissing them from my mind?
  4. Do I fail in the virtue of hope by my attachment to the things of this world?
  5. Do I try to see God's providence in everything that “happens” in my life?
  6. Do I try to see everything from the viewpoint of eternity?
  7. Am I confident that, with God's grace, I will be saved?
  8. Do I allow myself to worry about my past life and thus weaken my hope in God's mercy?
  9. Do I try to combine every fully deliberate action with at least a momentary prayer for divine help?
  10. How often today have I complained, even internally?

CHARITY

  1. Have I told God today that I love Him?
  2. Do I tell Jesus that I love Him with my whole heart?
  3. Do I take the occasion to tell God that I love Him whenever I experience something I naturally dislike?
  4. Have I capitalized on the difficulties today to tell God that I love Him just because He sent me the trial or misunderstanding?
  5. Do I see God's love for me in allowing me to prove my love for Him in the crosses He sent me today?
  6. Have I seen God's grace to prove my love for Him in every person whom I met today?
  7. Have I failed in charity by speaking unkindly about others?
  8. Have I dwelt on what I considered someone's unkindness toward me today?
  9. Is there someone that I consciously avoid because I dislike the person?
  10. Did I try to carry on a conversation today with someone who is difficult to talk to?
  11. Have I been stubborn in asserting my own will?
  12. How thoughtful have I been today in doing some small favor for someone?
  13. Have I allowed my mood to prevent me from being thoughtful of others today?
  14. Am I given to dwelling on other people's weaknesses or faults?
  15. Have I been cheerful today in my dealings with others?
  16. Do I control my uncharitable thoughts as soon as they arise in my mind?
  17. Did I pray for others today?
  18. Have I written any letters today?
  19. Have I controlled my emotions when someone irritated me?
  20. Have I performed any sacrifice today for someone?

by Servant of God Fr. John Hardon, S.J.

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Art for this post on an Ignatian Examination of Conscience: Mirror of St. Ignatius of Loyola, Peter Paul Rubens, 1600s, PD-US author's life plus 100 years or less, Wikimedia Commons.

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About Dan Burke

Dan is the President of the Avila Foundation, the parent organization of SpiritualDirection.com, the Avila Institute for Spiritual Formation, Divine Intimacy Radio and Divine Intimacy Radio - Resources Edition, Into the Deep Parish Programs, the Apostoli Viae (Apostles of the Way) Community, and the FireLight Student Leadership Formation Program, author of the award-winning book, Navigating the Interior Life - Spiritual Direction and the Journey to God, Finding God Through Meditation-St. Peter of Alcantara, 30 Days with Teresa of Avila, Into the Deep, Living the Mystery of Merciful Love: 30 Days with Thérèse of Lisieux, and his newest book The Contemplative Rosary with St. John Paul II and St. Teresa of Avila. Beyond his "contagious" love for Jesus and His Church, he is a grateful husband and father of four, the Executive Director of and writer for EWTN's National Catholic Register, a regular co-host on Register Radio, a writer and speaker who provides online spiritual formation and travels to share his conversion story and the great riches that the Church provides us through authentic Catholic spirituality. Dan has been featured on EWTN's Journey Home program and numerous radio programs.

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  • D Darling

    This is a wonderful “exercise” which allows us to actively participate and cooperate with God’s will in our lives without being scrupulous. Thank you so much for this! I am currently experiencing a “crucible” of sorts that is allowing me to step back and look thoughtfully and quietly at my days. Again, thank you!

  • Penguintrble

    What an excellent article. Practices which we need to be mindful of daily.

  • Blessed title from the beginning! ” Sacred Silence- Examination of Conscience on Faith, Hope, and Love.” Along with the perfect word of God’s to carry us through it.

    Thank you so much! I’m copying this to keep and send to my friends and family. God Bless you!

  • Moreiraanam

    Dear Dan,
    Thank You very much for your work. I have especially appreciated this posting.
    You’ve helped me in my spiritual growth. Count on my grateful prayers.

  • Asydwy

    Am copying to keep as a guide…an excellent aide to help me when I am
    before the Lord in weekly Adoration…and as an exam of conscience each
    evening ….cannot so far find time during the day but could read early in the morning during prayer time to set in my sense of awareness these virtues of faith, hope and charity so they become part of my daily activity. So few people believe in the reality of the Devil today..even among my Catholic friends and we hear nothing of his actual existence from the pulpit…and I have had 7 different pastors in the last ten years in my parish…only one, a priest from India, has spoken to the existence of the evil one. It is as if he does not exist …and belongs to centuries past along with old superstitions. The Devil has succeeded in convincing people he does not exist..and from there he succeeds in convincing people God does not either.

    • Joan

      My great-uncle who was a Jesuit strongly asserted (to us, his family) the danger in viewing Satan/evil as a myth or unreal. He considered it a very serious problem in the world. I am sorry I did not sit at his feet more and listen to him! How he is gone. Nonetheless, I have seen in my own life and in those around me how quickly struggles (especially internal) can resolve when you consider that your “own ideas” may be “suggestions” from the enemy, and that rather than owning/ struggling against them, you should dismissed them with “Get behind me Satan”. I have seen it be surprisingly effective on some occasions!

  • Guest

    Praise be to God. Fr. John, this is truly the best Posting you have done following the last two. On the following, you are speaking to me personally:Hope: No. 3 and 8. Surely Satan has been working on me to worry me silly about my past. Never, ever again shall I give him a chance to unsettle me.Charity: 11 and 19: No.11 always results in a struggle as I try to do the right thing. At times I do win after wrestling to exhaustion, but again some times I am defeated and I find solace and strength to fight another day in the Sacrament of ReconciliationNo.19: I win some and lose some. So I need to prayer harder and hang onto Jesus more tightly. Pray for me Fr. John because I must win this War no matter how bloody the fight gets.God bless youThis Posting will remain on my Desktop so I can read it often.

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